Please verify the information you have entered and review the Terms of Submission below before signing and submitting this notice.
Terms of Submission. In Submitting this notice, each identified issuer is:
Notifying the SEC and/or each State in which this notice is filed of the offering of securities described and
undertaking to furnish them, upon written request, in accordance with applicable law, the information furnished to offerees.*
Irrevocably appointing each of the Secretary of the SEC and the Securities Administrator or other legally designated officer of
the State in which the issuer maintains its principal place of business and any State in which this notice is filed, as its agents for service of
process, and agreeing that these persons may accept service on its behalf, of any notice, process or pleading, and further agreeing that
such service may be made by registered or certified mail, in any Federal or state action, administrative proceeding, or arbitration brought
against the issuer in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, if the action, proceeding or arbitration (a) arises out of any
activity in connection with the offering of securities that is the subject of this notice, and (b) is founded, directly or indirectly, upon the
provisions of: (i) the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the Investment
Company Act of 1940, or the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, or any rule or regulation under any of these statutes; or (ii) the laws of the
State in which the issuer maintains its principal place of business or any State in which this notice is filed.
Certifying that, if the issuer is claiming a Rule 505 exemption, the issuer is not disqualified from relying on Rule 505 for one of the reasons stated in Rule 505(b)(2)(iii).
* This undertaking does not affect any limits Section 102(a) of the National Securities Markets Improvement Act of 1996 ("NSMIA") [Pub. L. No. 104-290,
110 Stat. 3416 (Oct. 11, 1996)] imposes on the ability of States to require information. As a result, if the securities that are the subject of this Form D are
“covered securities" for purposes of NSMIA, whether in all instances or due to the nature of the offering that is the subject of this Form D, States cannot
routinely require offering materials under this undertaking or otherwise and can require offering materials only to the extent NSMIA permits them to do
so under NSMIA's preservation of their anti-fraud authority.
Each identified issuer has read this notice, knows the contents to be true, and has duly caused this notice to be signed on its behalf by the
undersigned duly authorized person. (Check this box and attach Signature Continuation Pages for signatures of issuers identified
in Item 1 above but not represented by signer below.)